35 Supply Chain Management Phrases
Welcome to the world of supply chain management (SCM)— you know, where the magic of logistics happens. It’s the brain behind the seamless flow of products from raw materials to the end customer. We’ve got 35 phrases that’ll not only familiarize you with the SCM lingo but will also keep you ahead of the game. Let’s get you speaking the language of efficiency and optimization.
Why Supply Chain Management is Crucial
Imagine this: You order a sandwich and it arrives at your door without the bread, but hey, you paid for the whole deal, right? That’s why SCM is a big deal. It’s the invisible hand that makes sure the right pieces are in the right place at the right time. And with global supply chains, the stakes have never been higher.
The Big List: 35 SCM Phrases to Master
Understand these phrases, and you’ll have a holistic view of SCM in action.
1. Demand Forecasting
The crystal ball of the supply chain world. Demand forecasting predicts future customer demand with uncanny accuracy, keeping you from running out of stock and slashing your trusty safety stock.
2. Omnichannel Distribution
Gone are the days of just brick-and-mortar. Omnichannel distribution ensures your customers receive the same experience whether they stroll into your store or click their way to the checkout online.
3. Cycle Counting
Regular inventory checks that don’t disrupt daily operations? Cycle counting is the answer, bringing precision to your stock without the headache of a full inventory.
4. Lead Time
From ‘I want that’ to ‘here it is.’ Lead time is the total time your supply chain needs to deliver the goods, from processing the order to it landing at the customer’s door.
5. Materials Handling
This is the backstage of the show, where goods are handled, stored, and shipped. It’s the unsung hero of how products move from A to B without a hitch.
6. Reverse Logistics
Like a boomerang, but for products. Reverse logistics handles returning goods from the customer, ensuring they’re unharmed and resold or recycled with minimal fuss.
7. SKU (Stock Keeping Unit)
Every product has its own fingerprint. This unique ID organizes and tracks every single item in your inventory, making sure nothing falls through the cracks.
8. Yard Management
A parking lot for trailers, but with ninja-like organization. Yard management keeps a close eye on trailers, ensuring they’re in the right dock at the right time.
9. Global Sourcing
The world is your oyster. Global sourcing gives you access to the best supplies and production under any flag, maximizing your output and diversity.
10. Just-In-Time (JIT)
It’s like ordering your wardrobe just before you have to wear it, only for parts and inventory. JIT reduces waste and storage costs by delivering materials exactly when needed.
11. EDI (Electronic Data Interchange)
Chitchat among computer systems. EDI replaces old-school paper and faxes with digital documents, making communications between businesses quick and error-free.
12. Demand Sensing
The sixth sense of SCM. Demand sensing uses AI and data analytics to sense shifts in consumer demand with an almost supernatural accuracy, helping you respond before the trend even hits the radar.
13. RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification)
The digital shepherd. RFID tags use electromagnetic fields to track items through various stages of the supply chain, and unlike sheep, they rarely get lost.
14. Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI)
Your suppliers keeping their finger on the pulse of your inventory. VMI shifts the burden of inventory management to your suppliers, freeing you up to focus on selling more sandwiches.
15. Carrying Cost
It’s expensive to hold onto things. The carrying cost is the cost of storing inventory, including rent, labor, and the opportunity cost of tying up capital.
16. Supply Chain Network Design
It’s like engineering mixed with strategic planning. Network design optimizes the structure of your supply chain to reduce costs and increase efficiency.
The ‘no resting’ rule at ports. Cross-docking minimizes storage time, as goods from an inbound shipment are directly loaded onto an outbound truck for distribution.
18. Distribution Center
The heart of your logistical world. Distribution centers process goods before they reach the end customer, handling everything from repackaging to consolidation.
19. Safety Stock
The band-aid of inventory, but one you’re grateful for. Safety stock is the buffer of extra inventory you keep in case demand unexpectedly spikes or there are supply chain disruptions.
20. Outbound Logistics
The last mile is often the toughest. Outbound logistics handle the final steps, delivering products from your distribution center to the customer, providing a seamless experience until the very end.
21. Inventory Optimization
Balancing the books of inventory. This phrase means having the right stock, at the right time, in the right place, all to maximize profit and efficiency.
22. TMS (Transportation Management System)
The conductor of the transportation orchestra. TMS optimizes the moving parts of transportation, from planning to execution, ensuring everything flows as smoothly as possible.
23. VO (Vendor Orders)
The “make me 100 more”- note from your vendors. Vendor orders are the counterparts of customer orders, triggering supply on demand from your supplier network.
24. Performance Management
The scorecard for SCM. Performance management tracks and evaluates how well your supply chain is doing so you can continuously improve.
25. SKU Rationalization
Not all products are equal. SKU rationalization goes through your inventory to cut out redundant or underperforming products, simplifying and streamlining your operations.
26. ABC Analysis
Sorting the good, better, and best of your inventory. ABC analysis categorizes items based on their value and sales volume, which guides inventory control policies and informs the bigger picture of SCM strategy.
27. Landed Cost
The price of settling down in a new market. Landed cost calculates the total cost of an imported item, including the purchase price, freight, insurance, and customs duties, giving you a real cost picture of international goods.
28. Order Cycle Time
The stopwatch for your orders. Order cycle time measures the total time it takes for a customer to receive their product after placing the order, a critical metric for customer service levels.
29. Value Stream Mapping
Seeing your supply chain with fresh eyes. Value stream mapping visually maps out the steps in your production system, identifying areas for improvement to add ‘value’ and remove waste.
30. Dead Stock
It’s simply not living up to the demand. Dead stock is inventory that hasn’t moved in so long, it probably forgot it’s supposed to be sold. Time for the clearance section!
31. Continuous Replenishment
The supply line equivalent of a perpetual motion machine. Continuous replenishment automatically reorders stock once it hits a certain level, keeping your supply chain agile and efficient.
32. Core Competency
What you’re really good at. Core competency is the area where your business excels, which often influences how you choose to structure your supply chain activities.
33. Last-In, First-Out (LIFO) Inventory
For food, this is an unfortunate fridge policy. In SCM, it refers to the last items booked into inventory being the first ones to be used or sold, which can have different financial and tax implications than FIFO (first-in, first-out).
34. Customs Broker
The maestro of international trade administration. A Customs broker is a professional who clears goods through customs and ensures they comply with government regulations.
35. Data Warehouse
Not the Amazon pre-order storage. A data warehouse is a central location where all of your supply chain data is stored and analyzed, offering insights for decision-making and strategic planning.
You’ve just dived into the sea of abbreviations, acronyms, and terms that every SCM professional needs to know. Keep these phrases close at hand, and you’ll find the logistics of supply chain management aren’t just the nuts and bolts; they’re the grease that keeps the wheels spinning, the lifeblood of getting things done. With these under your belt, you’re ready to optimize and streamline your operations, tackle any challenges, and truly keep your business on top of its game. Happy logistics, everyone!