35 Online Business Security Terms

35 Online Business Security Terms

35 Online Business Security Terms



Are you a business owner or entrepreneur looking to protect your online presence? With the increasing reliance on technology, it’s crucial to understand the terminology surrounding online security. In this article, we’ll cover 35 important terms that every business owner should know about when it comes to protecting their online assets.




  1. Cybersecurity: The practice of protecting computer systems, networks, and electronic devices from digital attacks.


  1. Data Breach: An incident where sensitive or confidential information is accessed or stolen by unauthorized individuals.


  1. Phishing: A type of social engineering attack in which fraudulent emails, texts, or websites are used to trick individuals into revealing personal information.


  1. Malware: Short for malicious software, this term refers to any type of software intended to cause harm or damage to a computer system.


  1. Encryption: The process of converting plain text into a code to prevent unauthorized access.


  1. Firewall: A security system that controls incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predetermined security rules.


  1. Antivirus: Software designed to detect and remove viruses, worms, and other types of malware.


  1. Two-Factor Authentication (2FA): A security measure that requires users to provide two forms of identification before accessing a system or account.


  1. Data Leakage: The unauthorized transfer of sensitive data from within an organization to an external destination.




  1. Vulnerability: A weakness in a computer system or network that can be exploited by attackers to gain unauthorized access or cause damage.


  1. Ransomware: A type of malware that encrypts a victim’s files and demands payment in exchange for the decryption key.


  1. Social Engineering: The use of psychological manipulation techniques to trick individuals into revealing sensitive information or performing actions that benefit the attacker.


  1. Patch: A piece of software designed to fix vulnerabilities or bugs in a computer program.


  1. Data Privacy: The protection of personal information from unauthorized access, use, or disclosure.


  1. Denial of Service (DoS) Attack: An attack that floods a system with excessive traffic to disrupt its normal operation and make it inaccessible to legitimate users.


  1. Network Security: Measures taken to protect a network from unauthorized access, misuse, modification, or denial of service.


  1. Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA): A security method that requires users to provide multiple forms of identification before accessing a system or account.


  1. Cloud Security: The measures and technologies used to protect data stored in cloud computing environments from cyber threats.


  1. Biometrics: The use of unique physical characteristics, such as fingerprints or facial recognition, to verify a person’s identity.


  1. Intrusion Detection System (IDS): A security system that monitors network traffic for suspicious activity and alerts administrators when potential threats are detected.


  1. Computer Forensics: The process of collecting, analyzing, and presenting digital evidence for use in legal proceedings.


  1. Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) Attack: An attack in which a hacker intercepts and alters communication between two parties without their knowledge.


  1. Access Control: The process of restricting access to resources or information based on predetermined rules and policies.


  1. Cyber Insurance: A type of insurance that protects businesses from financial losses caused by cyber attacks or data breaches.



  1. Denial of Service (DoS) Protection: Technologies and strategies used to prevent or mitigate the impact of DoS attacks.


  1. Disaster Recovery: The process of restoring normal operations after a cybersecurity incident or other event that disrupts business operations.


  1. Encryption Key: A secret code or password used to encrypt and decrypt data.


  1. Penetration Testing: A simulated cyber attack on a system or network to identify vulnerabilities and weaknesses.


  1. Risk Assessment: The process of identifying, analyzing, and evaluating potential risks to an organization’s information systems.


  1. Software as a Service (SaaS): A software delivery model in which applications are hosted on a remote server and accessed over the internet.


  1. Social Media Security: Measures taken to protect personal or sensitive information shared on social media platforms from unauthorized access.


  1. Cybersecurity Framework: A set of guidelines, best practices, and standards for managing cybersecurity risks developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).


  1. Virtual Private Network (VPN): A technology that creates a private and secure connection between two or more devices over the internet.


  1. Web Application Firewall (WAF): A security system that monitors and filters incoming and outgoing web traffic to protect web applications from cyber attacks.


  1. Zero-Day Vulnerability: A security vulnerability that is not known or patched by the software vendor, making it an attractive target for hackers.






In today’s technology-driven world, online businesses are becoming increasingly prevalent. However, with the rise of these businesses comes a new set of risks and threats to their security. In order to protect themselves from cyber attacks and data breaches, it is crucial for online business owners to have a good understanding of security terms and concepts.

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