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22 Business Quality Management Terms

22 Business Quality Management Terms

22 Business Quality Management Terms

 

 

Welcome to our guide on 22 essential quality management terms that every business owner should know. Whether you are new to the world of business or have been in it for years, understanding these key concepts is crucial for achieving success and effectively managing your organization.

 

 

1.Quality Control

Quality control refers to the processes and techniques used to ensure that products or services meet established quality standards. This includes monitoring and inspecting the entire production process, from raw materials to finished products.

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2.Six Sigma

Six Sigma is a data-driven methodology for continuously improving business processes by identifying and eliminating defects or errors. It aims to achieve near-perfect quality by reducing process variation.

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3.Lean Manufacturing

Lean manufacturing is a production approach that focuses on minimizing waste while maximizing efficiency and value for the customer. It involves identifying and eliminating non-value added activities in the production process.

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4.Total Quality Management (TQM)



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Total Quality Management (TQM) is a management approach that strives for long-term success through customer satisfaction. It involves all employees in improving processes, products, and services to meet or exceed customer expectations.

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5.ISO 9001

ISO 9001 is an internationally recognized standard for quality management systems that outlines the requirements a company must fulfill to achieve consistently high levels of customer satisfaction and continuous improvement.

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6.Continuous Improvement

Continuous improvement, also known as Kaizen, refers to ongoing efforts to improve products, services, or processes. It involves constantly seeking ways to streamline operations and eliminate waste in order to increase efficiency and quality.­

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7.Quality Assurance

Quality assurance is the process of planning and implementing systems and procedures to ensure that products or services meet specified quality requirements. This includes both internal quality audits and external certifications.

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8.Defects Per Million Opportunities (DPMO)

Defects Per Million Opportunities (DPMO) is a measure of process performance that calculates the number of defects per million opportunities. It is often used in Six Sigma methodologies to monitor and improve quality.

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9.Root Cause Analysis



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Root cause analysis is a problem-solving technique that identifies the underlying causes of issues or errors rather than just addressing their symptoms. It allows organizations to address the root cause and prevent future occurrences.

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10.Cost of Quality (COQ)

Cost of Quality (COQ) is a measure that quantifies the cost of poor quality in terms of both internal costs, such as rework and scrap, and external costs, such as lost sales or customer dissatisfaction. Minimizing COQ is a key goal of business quality management.­

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11.Statistical Process Control (SPC)

Statistical Process Control (SPC) is a method of quality control that uses statistical methods to monitor and control processes. It involves collecting and analyzing data to identify and eliminate sources of variation in order to maintain consistency and improve quality.

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12.Design for Six Sigma (DFSS)

Design for Six Sigma (DFSS) is a design methodology that aims to create products or services with minimal variations and defects from the outset. It emphasizes understanding customer needs and expectations and designing processes to meet those requirements.

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13.Quality Function Deployment (QFD)

Quality Function Deployment (QFD) is a quality planning technique that helps companies translate customer needs into specific product or service features. It involves identifying the critical customer requirements and designing processes to meet those needs.

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14.Corrective Action

Corrective action refers to the steps taken to identify and address the root cause of a quality issue or nonconformance. It is essential for preventing recurrence of the problem in the future.

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15.Supplier Quality Management (SQM)

Supplier Quality Management (SQM) is the process of ensuring that suppliers meet a company’s quality requirements for purchased goods and services. It involves evaluating supplier performance and collaborating with them to improve quality.

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16.Quality Circles

Quality circles are small groups of employees from various levels within an organization who come together to identify and solve quality-related issues. They provide opportunities for employees to participate in improving processes and promoting a culture of quality.

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17.Poka-Yoke

Poka-Yoke, also known as mistake-proofing, refers to designing processes or products in a way that prevents errors from occurring. It can involve using visual cues, sensors, or other devices to detect and prevent mistakes before they happen.

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18.Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)

Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) are measurable values that indicate how well a company is achieving its goals and objectives. They are often used in quality management to track progress and identify areas for improvement.

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19.Quality Culture

A quality culture is an organizational environment in which quality is consistently valued, prioritized, and pursued by everyone within the company. It involves fostering a mindset of continuous improvement and promoting a sense of ownership and responsibility for quality.

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20.Quality Management System (QMS)

A Quality Management System (QMS) is a set of policies, processes, and procedures used to manage and control an organization’s products or services to ensure they meet customer requirements. It provides a framework for consistently delivering high-quality products and services.

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21.Risk Management

Risk management involves identifying, assessing, and mitigating potential risks that may impact the quality of a product or service. It includes implementing controls and contingency plans to minimize the likelihood and impact of risks.

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22.Quality Audits

Quality audits are systematic, independent examinations of an organization’s processes and procedures to determine their effectiveness in meeting quality requirements. They help identify areas for improvement and ensure compliance with quality standards.

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In today’s fast-paced business world, quality management has become an essential aspect of any successful organization. The use of standardized terminology is crucial in ensuring efficient communication and understanding across all levels of the company.

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