Top 20 Accounting Terms for Business Owners

Top 20 Accounting Terms for Business Owners

Top 20 Accounting Terms for Business Owners



Welcome to our guide on the top 20 accounting terms that every business owner should know. Whether you’re just starting out or trying to grow your business, having a basic understanding of accounting terminology is crucial for making informed decisions and managing your finances effectively.






  1. Revenue: This term refers to the income generated by a company from its normal business operations. It can also be called sales or turnover.


  2. Expenses: These are the costs incurred by a company in order to generate revenue and run its operations.


  3. Assets: Assets refer to anything owned by a company that has monetary value, such as cash, equipment, and property.


  4. Liabilities: These are the debts or obligations that a company owes to others, such as loans and accounts payable.


  5. Equity: This term refers to the portion of a company’s assets that belong to its owners or shareholders.


  6. Balance Sheet: A financial statement that shows a company’s assets, liabilities, and equity at a specific point in time.


  7. Income Statement: Also known as a profit and loss statement, this financial statement shows a company’s revenue, expenses, and net income or loss over a period of time.


  8. Cash Flow Statement: This statement provides information on the cash inflows and outflows of a company during a specific period of time.


  9. Cost of Goods Sold (COGS): This term refers to the direct costs associated with producing goods or services that a company sells.


  10. Depreciation: The wearing out, consumption, or other loss of value of an asset over time.


  11. Amortization: The process of spreading out the cost of an intangible asset over its useful life.


  12. Accounts Receivable: These are the amounts owed to a company by its customers for goods or services that have been delivered but not yet paid for.



    Accounts Payable: These are the amounts that a company owes to its suppliers or vendors for goods or services received but not yet paid for.


  14. Inventory: The stock of goods or materials that a company holds for sale or use in its operations.


  15. Gross Profit: The difference between a company’s revenue and the cost of goods sold.


  16. Net Income: Also known as net profit, this is the amount of money left over after subtracting all expenses from total revenue.


  17. Earnings Per Share (EPS): This is a company’s net income divided by the number of outstanding shares of its stock.


  18. Return on Investment (ROI): A profitability ratio that measures the efficiency of an investment and is calculated by dividing the net profit by the initial investment amount.


  19. Cash Ratio: A liquidity ratio that measures a company’s ability to pay off its short-term debts using only cash and cash equivalents.


  20. Debt-to-Equity Ratio: A leverage ratio that compares a company’s total liabilities to its shareholders’ equity and indicates the level of financial risk.







And there you have it, business owners! Our top 20 accounting terms to help you navigate the financial world with ease. With these key terms in your arsenal, you’ll be able to confidently discuss and understand your company’s finances, making strategic decisions for future growth.



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